Difference between revisions of "List of learning techniques"

From Learning
Jump to: navigation, search
(add techniques in http://www.indiana.edu/~pcl/rgoldsto/courses/dunloskyimprovinglearning.pdf)
 
(9 intermediate revisions by the same user not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
This page lists and classifies learning and teaching techniques.
+
This page lists and classifies [[learning technique|learning and teaching techniques]].
  
 
{| class="sortable wikitable"
 
{| class="sortable wikitable"
Line 5: Line 5:
 
! Technique !! Goal !! Used by !! Requirements !! Notes
 
! Technique !! Goal !! Used by !! Requirements !! Notes
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Board technique]] || || [[Explainer]] || Classroom ||
+
| [[Board technique]] || Better classroom presentation || [[Explainer]] || Classroom ||
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Breaking the plane]] || || [[Explainer]] || Classroom ||
+
| [[Breaking the plane]] || Better classroom presentation || [[Explainer]] || Classroom ||
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Classroom speech technique]] || || [[Explainer]] || Classroom ||
+
| [[Classroom speech technique]] || Better classroom presentation || [[Explainer]] || Classroom ||
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[In-class desk work]] || || [[Explainer]] || Classroom ||
 
| [[In-class desk work]] || || [[Explainer]] || Classroom ||
Line 20: Line 20:
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Examples first]] || || [[Explainer]] ||
 
| [[Examples first]] || || [[Explainer]] ||
 +
|-
 +
| [[Problems first]]/[[meditation]]s || || [[Explainer]] ||
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Group calling]] || || [[Explainer]] || Classroom ||
 
| [[Group calling]] || || [[Explainer]] || Classroom ||
Line 29: Line 31:
 
| Cramming || Passing a test (knowing subject well in a high-stakes situation) || [[Learner]] ||
 
| Cramming || Passing a test (knowing subject well in a high-stakes situation) || [[Learner]] ||
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Spaced repetition]]/distributed practice || Long-term retention || [[Explainer]], [[learner]] || Spaced repetition software ||
+
| [[Spaced repetition]]/distributed practice || Long-term retention || [[Explainer]], [[learner]] || Spaced repetition software, or some sort of mechanism as in the [[Leitner system]] ||
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Blocked practice || || [[Explainer]], [[learner]] ||
 
| Blocked practice || || [[Explainer]], [[learner]] ||
Line 35: Line 37:
 
| [[Interleaving]] || || [[Explainer]], [[learner]] ||
 
| [[Interleaving]] || || [[Explainer]], [[learner]] ||
 
|-
 
|-
| Active recall || Retention (short-term or long-term) || [[Explainer]], [[learner]] || Flashcards, interactive software, or some other device that reveals answers after a response || Used by explainer in e.g. cold calling, but used by learner in e.g. flashcards
+
| Active recall || Retention (short-term or long-term), reducing illusion of understanding || [[Explainer]], [[learner]] || Flashcards, interactive software, or some other device that reveals answers after a response || Used by explainer in e.g. cold calling, but used by learner in e.g. flashcards
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Passive recall || Retention (short-term or long-term) || [[Explainer]], [[learner]] || Notes or book that one is reviewing ||
 
| Passive recall || Retention (short-term or long-term) || [[Explainer]], [[learner]] || Notes or book that one is reviewing ||
 +
|-
 +
| [[Quiz and recall]] || Retention (short-term or long-term), reducing illusion of understanding
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Worked-example effect|Use of worked examples]] || Reduction of cognitive load || [[Explainer]] ||
 
| [[Worked-example effect|Use of worked examples]] || Reduction of cognitive load || [[Explainer]] ||
Line 50: Line 54:
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Guessing what comes next/proving theorems yourself || || [[Learner]] ||
 
| Guessing what comes next/proving theorems yourself || || [[Learner]] ||
 +
|-
 +
| Presenting a common misconception || || [[Explainer]] ||
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Building a subject from first-principles || || [[Explainer]] ||
 
| Building a subject from first-principles || || [[Explainer]] ||
Line 55: Line 61:
 
| [[Elaborative interrogation]] ||
 
| [[Elaborative interrogation]] ||
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Self-explanation]] ||
+
| [[Self-explanation]] || Reducing illusion of understanding ||
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Summarization]] ||
 
| [[Summarization]] ||
Line 62: Line 68:
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Keyword mnemonic]] ||
 
| [[Keyword mnemonic]] ||
 +
|-
 +
| [[Mental imagery]] (e.g. [[keyword mnemonic]]) ||
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Imagery for text]] ||
 
| [[Imagery for text]] ||
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Rereading]] ||
 
| [[Rereading]] ||
 +
|-
 +
| [[Incremental reading]] ||
 
|}
 
|}
  
Line 71: Line 81:
  
 
* [[List of learning strategies]] covers broader strategies to learn entire subjects
 
* [[List of learning strategies]] covers broader strategies to learn entire subjects
 +
* [[List of learning measures]]
 +
* [[Summary table of methods of recall]]

Latest revision as of 03:40, 7 November 2018

This page lists and classifies learning and teaching techniques.

Technique Goal Used by Requirements Notes
Board technique Better classroom presentation Explainer Classroom
Breaking the plane Better classroom presentation Explainer Classroom
Classroom speech technique Better classroom presentation Explainer Classroom
In-class desk work Explainer Classroom
Polling Reducing illusion of transparency Explainer Classroom
Cold calling Reducing illusion of transparency Explainer Classroom
Define then discuss Explainer
Examples first Explainer
Problems first/meditations Explainer
Group calling Explainer Classroom
Multiple-choice question Explainer
Questions or comments? Explainer Classroom
Cramming Passing a test (knowing subject well in a high-stakes situation) Learner
Spaced repetition/distributed practice Long-term retention Explainer, learner Spaced repetition software, or some sort of mechanism as in the Leitner system
Blocked practice Explainer, learner
Interleaving Explainer, learner
Active recall Retention (short-term or long-term), reducing illusion of understanding Explainer, learner Flashcards, interactive software, or some other device that reveals answers after a response Used by explainer in e.g. cold calling, but used by learner in e.g. flashcards
Passive recall Retention (short-term or long-term) Explainer, learner Notes or book that one is reviewing
Quiz and recall Retention (short-term or long-term), reducing illusion of understanding
Use of worked examples Reduction of cognitive load Explainer
Error-spotting exercise Explainer
Note-taking Retention/distillation Learner
Explaining in one's own words Learner
Learning from multiple sources Finding better explanations, communication, learning contingencies, learning in more breadth and depth Learner Multiple sources; see Learning from multiple sources § Applicability
Guessing what comes next/proving theorems yourself Learner
Presenting a common misconception Explainer
Building a subject from first-principles Explainer
Elaborative interrogation
Self-explanation Reducing illusion of understanding
Summarization
Highlighting/underlining
Keyword mnemonic
Mental imagery (e.g. keyword mnemonic)
Imagery for text
Rereading
Incremental reading

See also