Quiz and recall

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Definition

Quiz and recall is a method that falls intermediately on the spectrum between active recall and passive recall. The term has been popularized by Cal Newport in his book How To Be A Straight A Student. The idea is to prepare a list of question prompts and answers in advance, and then, at review time, to go through the question prompts, attempt to actively recall the answers (speaking them out loud or writing them down as necessary) and then check against the answers that were noted down earlier.

The extent to which "quiz and recall" is active depends on the level of granularity of the questions. For instance, if the questions are at a broad level: "Describe everything you know about the invasion of Normandy" then recalling everything -- and checking the recalled material against the noted answer, is an instance of active recall. If, on the other hand, the question prompts are more specific and narrow, then the part of the recall that involves remembering what items to remember is done passively, and only the actual value of the item is being actively recalled.