Summary table of methods of recall

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Method name Description Example
Passive recall A form of recall where one reads over the material to be remembered (without being asked to produce the material).
Active recall (quiz and recall) A form of recall where one is shown some question and is asked to produce the answer to the question. A flash card with a front side (containing the question) and the back side containing the answer.
Cloze deletion Active recall, but where the thing to recall is some blanked phrase in a sentence.
Recursive recall Recall of the entire structure of some topic, starting with the topic name, and recursing down to the finest details, with each layer being an instance of active recall.
Active recall of both question and answer This method can be seen as recursive recall with a depth of two (in the first layer, you go from the topic to the list of questions, and in the second layer, you go from each question to the response for that question).
Feynman technique A form of recursive recall, but with extra stipulations (e.g. using a blank piece of paper and writing things down on it)

See also