* Both ''Gödel, Escher, Bach'' and ''Computability and Logic'' discuss ideas like computability, recursion, first-order logic, and Gödel's incompleteness theorems. However, the former goes into digressions about art and music, history, fictional stories, and so on, while the latter is a straightforward tutorial through the math. In the terminology of this page, the former book is more discursive (where the topic is computability and logic).
* In decision theory, both [https://intelligence.org/files/TDT.pdf "Timeless Decision Theory"] and [https://arxiv.org/abs/1710.05060 "Functional Decision Theory: A New Theory of Instrumental Rationality"] describe a new logical decision theory. However, the former paper goes into discussions about free will, reductionism, and other more philosophical topics (section 13), while the latter paper is a straightforward description of the decision theory. In the terminology of this page, the former paper is more discursive (where the topic is "timeless decision theory" for the first paper and "functional decision theory" for the second paper).
* Various books entitled "X for mathematicians", "X for
economics", etc., are meant for professionals in those subjects trying to learn X. Such books may go into digressions/examples familiar to those in the area.