→Prelude and interlude
The following are some possibilities for the prelude to polling, the interlude between polling rounds, and the post-polling phase:
* Asking an individual (selected through [[cold calling]] or [[voluntary participation]]) to publicly explain a particular option. This can be done for multiple individuals.
* Giving individuals some time to think about the question.
* Giving people some time to discuss the question with their peers.
* Checking desk work.
* Reviewing a relevant concept publicly.