List of learning techniques

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This page lists and classifies learning and teaching techniques.

Technique Goal Used by Requirements Notes
Board technique Better classroom presentation Explainer Classroom
Breaking the plane Better classroom presentation Explainer Classroom
Classroom speech technique Better classroom presentation Explainer Classroom
In-class desk work Explainer Classroom
Polling Reducing illusion of transparency Explainer Classroom
Cold calling Reducing illusion of transparency Explainer Classroom
Define then discuss Explainer
Examples first Explainer
Problems first/meditations Explainer
Group calling Explainer Classroom
Multiple-choice question Explainer
Questions or comments? Explainer Classroom
Cramming Passing a test (knowing subject well in a high-stakes situation) Learner
Spaced repetition/distributed practice Long-term retention Explainer, learner Spaced repetition software, or some sort of mechanism as in the Leitner system
Blocked practice Explainer, learner
Interleaving Explainer, learner
Active recall Retention (short-term or long-term), reducing illusion of understanding Explainer, learner Flashcards, interactive software, or some other device that reveals answers after a response Used by explainer in e.g. cold calling, but used by learner in e.g. flashcards
Passive recall Retention (short-term or long-term) Explainer, learner Notes or book that one is reviewing
Quiz and recall Retention (short-term or long-term), reducing illusion of understanding
Use of worked examples Reduction of cognitive load Explainer
Error-spotting exercise Explainer
Note-taking Retention/distillation Learner
Explaining in one's own words Learner
Learning from multiple sources Finding better explanations, communication, learning contingencies, learning in more breadth and depth Learner Multiple sources; see Learning from multiple sources § Applicability
Guessing what comes next/proving theorems yourself Learner
Presenting a common misconception Explainer
Building a subject from first-principles Explainer
Elaborative interrogation
Self-explanation Reducing illusion of understanding
Summarization
Highlighting/underlining
Keyword mnemonic
Mental imagery (e.g. keyword mnemonic)
Imagery for text
Rereading
Incremental reading

See also