Voluntary participation refers to a situation where students (typically in a classroom setting) voluntarily participate, typically through oral responses from their seats, and in some cases by writing or presenting to the whole room from the front. Voluntary participation could include:
- Voluntary questions or comments: The student asks the teacher a question or makes a general comment or observation in front of the whole class. The question is not explicitly solicited from the student specifically, though it might follow a general questions or comments? prompt to the class.
- Voluntary answers: The student responds voluntarily to a question asked by the teacher of the whole class. This is distinguished from cold calling where the teacher selects a student to answer the question.